Stage 2 Draft / July 27, 2022

Change Array by copy

1 Indexed Collections

1.1 Array Objects

1.1.1 Properties of the Array Prototype Object

1.1.1.1 Array.prototype.sort ( comparefn )

When the sort method is called, the following steps are taken:

  1. If comparefn is not undefined and IsCallable(comparefn) is false, throw a TypeError exception.
  2. Let obj be ? ToObject(this value).
  3. Let len be ? LengthOfArrayLike(obj).
  4. Let SortCompare be a new Abstract Closure with parameters (x, y) that captures comparefn and performs the following steps when called:
    1. If x and y are both undefined, return +0𝔽.
    2. If x is undefined, return 1𝔽.
    3. If y is undefined, return -1𝔽.
    4. If comparefn is not undefined, then
      1. Let v be ? ToNumber(? Call(comparefn, undefined, « x, y »)).
      2. If v is NaN, return +0𝔽.
      3. Return v.
    5. [id="step-sortcompare-tostring-x"] Let xString be ? ToString(x).
    6. [id="step-sortcompare-tostring-y"] Let yString be ? ToString(y).
    7. Let xSmaller be ! IsLessThan(xString, yString, true).
    8. If xSmaller is true, return -1𝔽.
    9. Let ySmaller be ! IsLessThan(yString, xString, true).
    10. If ySmaller is true, return 1𝔽.
    11. Return +0𝔽.
    12. Return ? CompareArrayElements(x, y, comparefn).
  5. Return ? SortIndexedProperties(obj, len, SortCompare).
  6. Let sortedList be ? SortIndexedProperties(obj, len, SortCompare, true).
  7. Let itemCount be the number of elements in sortedList.
  8. Let j be 0.
  9. Repeat, while j < itemCount,
    1. Perform ? Set(obj, ! ToString(𝔽(j)), sortedList[j], true).
    2. Set j to j + 1.
  10. NOTE: The call to SortIndexedProperties in step 6 has the skipHoles parameter set to true. The remaining indexes are deleted to preserve the number of holes that were detected and excluded from the sort.
  11. Repeat, while j < len,
    1. Perform ? DeletePropertyOrThrow(obj, ! ToString(𝔽(j))).
    2. Set j to j + 1.
  12. Return obj.

1.1.1.2 CompareArrayElements ( x, y, comparefn )

The abstract operation CompareArrayElements takes arguments x, y, and comparefn (a function object or undefined) and returns either a normal completion containing a Number or an abrupt completion. It performs the following steps when called:

  1. If x and y are both undefined, return +0𝔽.
  2. If x is undefined, return 1𝔽.
  3. If y is undefined, return -1𝔽.
  4. If comparefn is not undefined, then
    1. Let v be ? ToNumber(? Call(comparefn, undefined, « x, y »)).
    2. If v is NaN, return +0𝔽.
    3. Return v.
  5. Let xString be ? ToString(x).
  6. Let yString be ? ToString(y).
  7. Let xSmaller be ! IsLessThan(xString, yString, true).
  8. If xSmaller is true, return -1𝔽.
  9. Let ySmaller be ! IsLessThan(yString, xString, true).
  10. If ySmaller is true, return 1𝔽.
  11. Return +0𝔽.

1.1.1.3 SortIndexedProperties ( obj, len, SortCompare, skipHoles )

The abstract operation SortIndexedProperties takes arguments obj (an Object), len (a non-negative integer), SortCompare (an Abstract Closure with two parameters), and skipHoles (a Boolean) and returns either a normal completion containing an Objecta List or an abrupt completion. It performs the following steps when called:

  1. Let items be a new empty List.
  2. Let k be 0.
  3. Repeat, while k < len,
    1. Let Pk be ! ToString(𝔽(k)).
    2. Let kPresent be ? HasProperty(obj, Pk).
    3. If skipHoles is true, then
      1. Let kRead be ? HasProperty(obj, Pk).
    4. Else,
      1. Let kRead be true.
    5. If kPresentkRead is true, then
      1. Let kValue be ? Get(obj, Pk).
      2. Append kValue to items.
    6. Set k to k + 1.
  4. Let itemCount be the number of elements in items.
  5. Sort items using an implementation-defined sequence of calls to SortCompare. If any such call returns an abrupt completion, stop before performing any further calls to SortCompare or steps in this algorithm and return that Completion Record.
  6. Let j be 0.
  7. Repeat, while j < itemCount,
    1. Perform ? Set(obj, ! ToString(𝔽(j)), items[j], true).
    2. Set j to j + 1.
  8. Repeat, while j < len,
    1. Perform ? DeletePropertyOrThrow(obj, ! ToString(𝔽(j))).
    2. Set j to j + 1.
  9. Return obj.
  10. Return items.

1.1.1.4 Array.prototype.toReversed ( )

When the toReversed method is called, the following steps are taken:

  1. Let O be ? ToObject(this value).
  2. Let len be ? LengthOfArrayLike(O).
  3. Let A be ? ArrayCreate(𝔽(len)).
  4. Let k be 0.
  5. Repeat, while k < len,
    1. Let from be ! ToString(𝔽(len - k - 1)).
    2. Let Pk be ! ToString(𝔽(k)).
    3. Let fromValue be ? Get(O, from).
    4. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(A, Pk, fromValue).
    5. Set k to k + 1.
  6. Return A.

1.1.1.5 Array.prototype.toSorted ( comparefn )

When the toSorted method is called, the following steps are taken:

  1. If comparefn is not undefined and IsCallable(comparefn) is false, throw a TypeError exception.
  2. Let O be ? ToObject(this value).
  3. Let len be ? LengthOfArrayLike(O).
  4. Let A be ? ArrayCreate(𝔽(len)).
  5. Let SortCompare be a new Abstract Closure with parameters (x, y) that captures comparefn and performs the following steps when called:
    1. Return ? CompareArrayElements(x, y, comparefn).
  6. Let sortedList be ? SortIndexedProperties(obj, len, SortCompare, false).
  7. Let j be 0.
  8. Repeat, while j < len,
    1. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(A, ! ToString(𝔽(j)), sortedList[j]).
    2. Set j to j + 1.
  9. Return A.

1.1.1.6 Array.prototype.toSpliced ( start, deleteCount, ...items )

When the toSpliced method is called, the following steps are taken:

  1. Let O be ? ToObject(this value).
  2. Let len be ? LengthOfArrayLike(O).
  3. Let relativeStart be ? ToIntegerOrInfinity(start).
  4. If relativeStart is -∞, let actualStart be 0.
  5. Else if relativeStart < 0, let actualStart be max(len + relativeStart, 0).
  6. Else, let actualStart be min(relativeStart, len).
  7. Let insertCount be the number of elements in items.
  8. If start is not present, then
    1. Let actualDeleteCount be 0.
  9. Else if deleteCount is not present, then
    1. Let actualDeleteCount be len - actualStart.
  10. Else,
    1. Let dc be ? ToIntegerOrInfinity(deleteCount).
    2. Let actualDeleteCount be the result of clamping dc between 0 and len - actualStart.
  11. Let newLen be len + insertCount - actualDeleteCount.
  12. If newLen > 253 - 1, throw a TypeError exception.
  13. Let A be ? ArrayCreate(𝔽(newLen)).
  14. Let i be 0.
  15. Let r be actualStart + actualDeleteCount.
  16. Repeat, while i < actualStart,
    1. Let Pi be ! ToString(𝔽(i)).
    2. Let iValue be ? Get(O, Pi).
    3. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(A, Pi, iValue).
    4. Set i to i + 1.
  17. For each element E of items, do
    1. Let Pi be ! ToString(𝔽(i)).
    2. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(A, Pi, E).
    3. Set i to i + 1.
  18. Repeat, while i < newLen,
    1. Let Pi be ! ToString(𝔽(i)).
    2. Let from be ! ToString(𝔽(r)).
    3. Let fromValue be ? Get(O, from).
    4. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(A, Pi, fromValue).
    5. Set i to i + 1.
    6. Set r to r + 1.
  19. Return A.

1.1.1.7 Array.prototype.with ( index, value )

When the with method is called, the following steps are taken:

  1. Let O be ? ToObject(this value).
  2. Let len be ? LengthOfArrayLike(O).
  3. Let relativeIndex be ? ToIntegerOrInfinity(index).
  4. If relativeIndex ≥ 0, let actualIndex be relativeIndex.
  5. Else, let actualIndex be len + relativeIndex.
  6. If actualIndexlen or actualIndex < 0, throw a RangeError exception.
  7. Let A be ? ArrayCreate(𝔽(len)).
  8. Let k be 0.
  9. Repeat, while k < len,
    1. Let Pk be ! ToString(𝔽(k)).
    2. If k is actualIndex, let fromValue be value.
    3. Else, let fromValue be ? Get(O, Pk).
    4. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(A, Pk, fromValue).
    5. Set k to k + 1.
  10. Return A.

1.1.1.8 Array.prototype [ @@unscopables ]

The initial value of the @@unscopables data property is an object created by the following steps:

  1. Let unscopableList be ! OrdinaryObjectCreate(null).
  2. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "at", true).
  3. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "copyWithin", true).
  4. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "entries", true).
  5. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "fill", true).
  6. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "find", true).
  7. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "findIndex", true).
  8. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "flat", true).
  9. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "flatMap", true).
  10. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "includes", true).
  11. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "keys", true).
  12. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "toReversed", true).
  13. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "toSorted", true).
  14. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "toSpliced", true).
  15. Perform ! CreateDataPropertyOrThrow(unscopableList, "values", true).
  16. Return unscopableList.

This property has the attributes { [[Writable]]: false, [[Enumerable]]: false, [[Configurable]]: true }.

Note

The reason that "with" is not included in the unscopableList is because it is already a reserved word.

1.2 TypedArray Objects

1.2.1 Abstract Operations for TypedArray Objects

1.2.1.1 TypedArrayCreateSameType ( exemplar, argumentList )

The abstract operation TypedArrayCreateSameType takes arguments exemplar (a TypedArray) and argumentList. It is used to specify the creation of a new TypedArray using a constructor function that is derived from exemplar. Unlike TypedArraySpeciesCreate, which can construct custom TypedArray subclasses through the use of @@species, this operation always uses one of the built-in TypedArray constructors. It performs the following steps when called:

  1. Assert: exemplar is an Object that has [[TypedArrayName]] and [[ContentType]] internal slots.
  2. Let constructor be the intrinsic object listed in column one of Table 63 for exemplar.[[TypedArrayName]].
  3. Let result be ? TypedArrayCreate(constructor, argumentList).
  4. Assert: result has [[TypedArrayName]] and [[ContentType]] internal slots.
  5. Assert: result.[[ContentType]] is exemplar.[[ContentType]].
  6. Return result.

1.2.2 The %TypedArray% Intrinsic Object

1.2.2.1 Properties of the %TypedArray% Prototype Object

1.2.2.1.1 %TypedArray%.prototype.sort ( comparefn )

The following steps are performed:

  1. If comparefn is not undefined and IsCallable(comparefn) is false, throw a TypeError exception.
  2. Let obj be the this value.
  3. Perform ? ValidateTypedArray(obj).
  4. Let buffer be obj.[[ViewedArrayBuffer]].
  5. Let len be obj.[[ArrayLength]].
  6. NOTE: The following closure performs a numeric comparison rather than the string comparison used in 1.1.1.1.
  7. Let SortCompare be a new Abstract Closure with parameters (x, y) that captures comparefn and buffer and performs the following steps when called:
    1. Assert: Both Type(x) and Type(y) are Number or both are BigInt.
    2. If comparefn is not undefined, then
      1. Let v be ? ToNumber(? Call(comparefn, undefined, « x, y »)).
      2. If IsDetachedBuffer(buffer) is true, throw a TypeError exception.
      3. If v is NaN, return +0𝔽.
      4. Return v.
    3. If x and y are both NaN, return +0𝔽.
    4. If x is NaN, return 1𝔽.
    5. If y is NaN, return -1𝔽.
    6. If x < y, return -1𝔽.
    7. If x > y, return 1𝔽.
    8. If x is -0𝔽 and y is +0𝔽, return -1𝔽.
    9. If x is +0𝔽 and y is -0𝔽, return 1𝔽.
    10. Return +0𝔽.
    11. Return ? CompareTypedArrayElements(x, y, comparefn, buffer).
  8. Return ? SortIndexedProperties(obj, len, SortCompare).
  9. Let sortedList be ? SortIndexedProperties(obj, len, SortCompare, false).
  10. Let j be 0.
  11. Repeat, while j < len,
    1. Perform ! Set(obj, ! ToString(𝔽(j)), sortedList[j], true).
    2. Set j to j + 1.
  12. Return obj.

1.2.2.1.2 CompareTypedArrayElements ( x, y, comparefn, buffer )

The abstract operation CompareTypedArrayElements takes arguments x, y, comparefn (a function object or undefined), and buffer (An ArrayBuffer) and returns either a normal completion containing a Number or an abrupt completion. It performs the following steps when called:

  1. Assert: Both Type(x) and Type(y) are Number or both are BigInt.
  2. If comparefn is not undefined, then
    1. Let v be ? ToNumber(? Call(comparefn, undefined, « x, y »)).
    2. If IsDetachedBuffer(buffer) is true, throw a TypeError exception.
    3. If v is NaN, return +0𝔽.
    4. Return v.
  3. If x and y are both NaN, return +0𝔽.
  4. If x is NaN, return 1𝔽.
  5. If y is NaN, return -1𝔽.
  6. If x < y, return -1𝔽.
  7. If x > y, return 1𝔽.
  8. If x is -0𝔽 and y is +0𝔽, return -1𝔽.
  9. If x is +0𝔽 and y is -0𝔽, return 1𝔽.
  10. Return +0𝔽.
Note
This performs a numeric comparison rather than the string comparison used in 1.1.1.2.

1.2.2.1.3 %TypedArray%.prototype.toReversed ( )

When the toReversed method is called, the following steps are taken:

  1. Let O be the this value.
  2. Perform ? ValidateTypedArray(O).
  3. Let length be O.[[ArrayLength]].
  4. Let A be ? TypedArrayCreateSameType(O, « 𝔽(length) »).
  5. Let k be 0.
  6. Repeat, while k < length,
    1. Let from be ! ToString(𝔽(length - k - 1)).
    2. Let Pk be ! ToString(𝔽(k)).
    3. Let fromValue be ! Get(O, from).
    4. Perform ! Set(A, Pk, fromValue, true).
    5. Set k to k + 1.
  7. Return A.

1.2.2.1.4 %TypedArray%.prototype.toSorted ( comparefn )

When the toSorted method is called, the following steps are taken:

  1. If comparefn is not undefined and IsCallable(comparefn) is false, throw a TypeError exception.
  2. Let O be the this value.
  3. Perform ? ValidateTypedArray(O).
  4. Let buffer be obj.[[ViewedArrayBuffer]].
  5. Let len be O.[[ArrayLength]].
  6. Let A be ? TypedArrayCreateSameType(O, « 𝔽(len) »).
  7. NOTE: The following closure performs a numeric comparison rather than the string comparison used in 1.1.1.5.
  8. Let SortCompare be a new Abstract Closure with parameters (x, y) that captures comparefn and buffer and performs the following steps when called:
    1. Return ? CompareTypedArrayElements(x, y, comparefn, buffer).
  9. Let sortedList be ? SortIndexedProperties(obj, len, SortCompare, false).
  10. Let j be 0.
  11. Repeat, while j < len,
    1. Perform ! Set(A, ! ToString(𝔽(j)), sortedList[j], true).
    2. Set j to j + 1.
  12. Return A.

1.2.2.1.5 %TypedArray%.prototype.with ( index, value )

When the with method is called, the following steps are taken:

  1. Let O be the this value.
  2. Perform ? ValidateTypedArray(O).
  3. Let len be O.[[ArrayLength]].
  4. Let relativeIndex be ? ToIntegerOrInfinity(index).
  5. If relativeIndex ≥ 0, let actualIndex be relativeIndex.
  6. Else, let actualIndex be len + relativeIndex.
  7. If O.[[ContentType]] is BigInt, set value to ? ToBigInt(value).
  8. Else, set value to ? ToNumber(value).
  9. If ! IsValidIntegerIndex(O, 𝔽(actualIndex)) is false, throw a RangeError exception.
  10. Let A be ? TypedArrayCreateSameType(O, « 𝔽(len) »).
  11. Let k be 0.
  12. Repeat, while k < len,
    1. Let Pk be ! ToString(𝔽(k)).
    2. If k is actualIndex, let fromValue be value.
    3. Else, let fromValue be ! Get(O, Pk).
    4. Perform ! Set(A, Pk, fromValue, true).
    5. Set k to k + 1.
  13. Return A.

A Copyright & Software License

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© 2022 Robin Ricard, Ashley Claymore

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